The health industry has huge potential for development. Among them, the pharmaceutical, medical and healthcare industries occupy an important position, but it faces constraints such as low utilization of medical resources, serious pollution of production processes, dependence on imports of high-end products, and imperfect quality standard systems. Membrane technology is a novel high-efficient separation technique perfectly suitable for solving above-mentioned problems in pharmaceutical, medical and healthcare industries, which will play an important role in promoting development of health industry in China. To our knowledge, few literatures have reviewed on the research and development status of membrane technology and materials for health industry. In this review, we will focus on this subject, and discuss the specific conditions and related standards for membrane materials utilized in health industry, emphasizing on progress in microfiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, membrane bioreactor, pervaporation, gas separation, and membrane materials for application in artifical organs. Also, we will analyze the existing problems, and provide suggestions for promoting development of membrane technology and materials for health industry in China.