CIESC Journal ›› 2018, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (S2): 61-67.doi: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20181055

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Coupled thermal dynamic performance in cryogenic liquid oxygen tank under slosh excitation

LIU Zhan1,2, FENG Yuyang2,3, LEI Gang1, LI Yanzhong1,3   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Technologies in Space Cryogenic Propellants, Beijing 100028, China;
    2 School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    3 School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2018-09-25 Revised:2018-09-30
  • Supported by:

    supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51806235), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M630625) and the Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Technologies in Space Cryogenic Propellants (SKLTSCP1812).

Abstract:

The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique is used to investigate the thermal-dynamic coupled process in cryogenic liquid oxygen tank under the slosh excitations. The influences of the external environmental heat leak and the phase change occurring on the liquid-vapor interface are considered in detail. The slosh force, fluid slosh momentum, tank pressure, and fluid temperature distribution in tank caused by the external excitation are analyzed. The results show that both the slosh force suffered by tank and fluid slosh momentum have reducing trends with fluctuations under the external sinusoidal excitation. Influenced by the external slosh, the connection area between the subcooled liquid and the superheated vapor increases, so the superheated vapor is greatly cooled by the liquid, and the tank pressure decreases almost linearly with time. As for the fluid temperature monitors, while they are close to the liquid-vapor interface, the fluid sloshing has an obvious effect on the variation of monitors' temperature. In general, the temperature distribution in the tank is formed with the high temperature region in upper and low temperature region in bottom, and the high temperature in the external region and the low temperature in the interior. While as located on the top of tank, the vapor test points have a large temperature fluctuation, influenced by the top dished-head. For the bottom liquid temperature monitors, their values are larger than parts of liquid test points' temperature, with the direct heat transfer from the bottom dished-head wall.

CLC Number: 

  • V511

[1] IBRAHIM R A.Liquid Sloshing Dynamics:Theory and Applications[M].Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2005.
[2] MORAN M E, MCNELIS N B, KUDLAC M T, et al. Experimental results of hydrogen slosh in a 62 cubic foot (1750 liter) tank[C]//The 30th Joint Propulsion Conference.Indianapolis, 1994:AIAA-94-3259.
[3] DAS S P, HOPFINGER E J.Mass transfer enhancement by gravity waves at a liquid-vapour interface[J].International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2009, 52(5):1400-1411.
[4] ARNDT T, DREYER M, BEHRUZI P, et al. Cryogenic sloshing tests in a pressurized cylindrical reservoir[C]//45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit.Denver, Colorado, 2009:AIAA 2009-4860.
[5] VAN FOREEST A.Modeling of cryogenic sloshing including heat and mass transfer[C]//46th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit.Nashville, TN, 2010:AIAA 2010-6891.
[6] FRIES N, BEHRUZI P, ARNDT T, et al.Modelling of fluid motion in spacecraft propellant tanks-sloshing[C]//Space Propulsion Conference.Bordeaux, 2012:1-11.
[7] GU Y, JU Y L, CHEN J, et al. Experimental investigation on pressure fluctuation of cryogenic liquid transport in pitching motion[J].Cryogenics, 2012, 52(10):530-537.
[8] 顾妍,巨永林.液化天然气浮式生产储卸装置低温液货卸载参数的定量分析[J].上海交通大学学报,2010,44(1):85-89.GU Y, JU Y L.Quantitative analysis of main parameters on cryogenic LNG offloading from LNG-FPSO[J].Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2010, 44(1):85-89.
[9] KONOPKA M, NÖDING P, KLATTE J, et al. Analysis of LN2 filling, draining, stratification and sloshing experiments[C]//46th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference.Washington, D.C., 2016:AIAA 2016-4272.
[10] 朱建鲁,常学煜,韩辉,等.FLNG绕管式换热器晃动实验分析[J].化工学报,2017,68(9):3358-3367.ZHU J L, CHANG X Y, HAN H, et al. Experimental study on effect of sloshing on performance of heat exchanger[J].CIESC Journal, 2017, 68(9):3358-3367.
[11] GROTLE E L, ÆSØY V.Numerical simulations of sloshing and the thermodynamic response due to mixing[J].Energies, 2017, 10(9):1338.
[12] LIU Z, LI Y Z, JIN Y H, et al.Thermodynamic performance of pre-pressurization in a cryogenic tank[J].Applied Thermal Engineering, 2017, 112:801-810.
[13] LIU Z, LI C.Influence of slosh baffles on thermodynamic performance in liquid hydrogen tank[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2018, 346:253-262.
[14] GHIAASIAAN S M.Convective Heat and Mass Transfer[M].Taylor & Francis CRC Press, 2018:331-333.

[1] HUANG Yonghua, CHEN Zhongcan, WANG Bin, LI Peng, SUN Peijie. Effect of pressure control strategy on performance of thermodynamic vent system for storage tank [J]. CIESC Journal, 2017, 68(12): 4702-4708.
[2] QI Chao, SUN Peijie, ZHUAN Rui, WANG Wen. Simulation of vaporization process inside cryogenic liquid oxygen tank for long-term storage in orbit [J]. CIESC Journal, 2016, 67(S2): 58-63.
[3] WANG Bin, WANG Tianxiang, HUANG Yonghua, WU Jingyi, LEI Gang. Modeling and pressure control characteristics of thermodynamic venting system in liquid hydrogen storage tank [J]. CIESC Journal, 2016, 67(S2): 20-25.
[4] CHEN Zhongcan, HUANG Yonghua, WANG Bin, LI Peng, SUN Peijie, WANG Tianxiang, CUI Jiaxun. Effect on self-pressurization characteristics and mass loss of thermodynamic vent system for refrigerant R141b by heat load [J]. CIESC Journal, 2016, 67(10): 4047-4054.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!