CIESC Journal ›› 2019, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (5): 1702-1712.doi: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20180962

• Fluid dynamics and transport phenomena • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Verification of coarse-grained CFD-DEM method in multiple flow regimes

Junjie LIN(),Kun LUO(),Shuai WANG,Chenshu HU,Jianren FAN   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2018-08-27 Revised:2019-02-22 Online:2019-05-05 Published:2019-05-10
  • Contact: Kun LUO;


The computation load for traditional computational fluid dynamics-discrete element method (CFD-DEM) simulations tremendously increases when the number of particles augments in the system. The coarse-grained CFD-DEM method, in which a number of real particles are lumped into a numerical parcel, can remarkably reduce the computation load. It is necessary to extensively verify the coarse-grained CFD-DEM method before it is applied. Therefore, in the current work, the coarse-grained CFD-DEM method is validated in fluidized beds with various fluidization regimes. On one hand, it is found that gas and solid features (i.e., void fraction, pressure signals, and particle velocity) obtained from this method match well with the experiment measurements. On the other hand, as the coarse-grained ratios increase, the calculation time for a specific case is significantly reduced. In summary, the coarse-grained CFD-DEM contributes a great improvement of calculation efficiency while a little loss of numerical accuracy, which is expected to be a powerful tool to simulate gas-solid flow dynamics in large-scale dense particulate systems.

Key words: coarse-grained method, DEM, CFD, fluidized bed, gas-solid flow, computational efficiency

CLC Number: 

  • TQ 018


Experimental setup of bubbling fluidized bed adopted in simulation"

Table 1

Physical properties and parameters(bubbling fluidized bed)"

Parameter Value
particle diameter/mm 3.256
particle density/(kg?m-3) 1131
original number of particles 95000
restitution coefficient 0.97
friction coefficient 0.35
collision spring constant/(N?m-1) 800
parcel diameter of CGP-k1.5/mm 4.884
parcel number of CGP-k1.5 28148
parcel diameter of CGP-k2/mm 6.512
parcel number of CGP-k2 11875
fluid density/(kg?m-3) 1.205
dynamic viscosity/(Pa·s) 1.8 × 10-5
superficial velocity/(m?s-1) 2.1


Transient distribution of particle velocity in bubbling fluidized bed simulated by traditional and coarse-grained CFD-DEM"


Time-averaged distribution of bubbling fluidized bed"


Comparison of pressure drop and frequency spectrum in bubbling fluidized bed"


Comparison of calculation time with different methods in bubbling fluidized bed"


Schematic diagram of spouting fluidized bed used in present simulation"

Table 2

Physical properties and parameters(spouting fluidized bed)"

Parameter Value
particle diameter/mm 4.04
particle density/(kg?m-3) 2526
original number of particles 44800
restitution coefficient 0.97
friction coefficient 0.33
collision spring constant/(N?m-1) 800
parcel diameter of CGP-k1.5/mm 6.06
parcel number of CGP-k1.5 13274
parcel diameter of CGP-k2/mm 8.08
parcel number of CGP-k2 5600
fluid density/(kg?m-3) 1.205
dynamic viscosity/(Pa·s) 1.8 × 10-5
spouting velocity/(m?s-1) 65
background velocity/(m?s-1) 3.5


Transient distribution of particle velocity in spouting fluidized bed simulated by traditional and coarse-grained CFD-DEM"


Time-averaged gas-solid properties in spouting fluidized bed"


Particle vertical velocity in spouting fluidized bed measured with different methods"


Comparison of calculation time with different methods in spouting fluidized bed"


Sketch of 3-D circulating fluidized bed and grid of calculation domain"


Distributions of time-averaged solid holdup at different height of slices x = 0 and y = 0 of riser"


Full-loop distribution of pressure in CFB with time-averaged properties"

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