CIESC Journal ›› 2019, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (1): 319-326.doi: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20180717

• Material science and engineering, nanotechnology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Controllable preparation of Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles and their catalytic activities toward oxygen reduction

Channa WANG1(),Ling LIU1,Huihua WANG1,2(),Tianpeng QU1,Jun TIAN1,Deyong WANG1,Zhenhui KANG2   

  1. 1. Shagang School of Iron and Steel, Soochow University, Suzhou 215021, Jiangsu, China
    2. Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials FUNSOM, Soochow University, Suzhou 215021, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2018-07-02 Revised:2018-09-07 Online:2019-01-05 Published:2018-11-06
  • Contact: Huihua WANG E-mail:18297112628@163.com;hhwang@suda.edu.cn

Abstract:

Co(FeOH)2, FeCl3 and PdCl2 were used as raw materials, citric acid was used as stabilizer, and ethanol was used as accelerator. Ultrasonic-assisted preparation of Co-Fe-Pd metal nanoparticles was carried out, and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalytic performance was evaluated. The results show that the average size of Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles prepared by ultrasonic method is about 3—5 nm, and only Pd diffraction peaks are detected for the Co-Pd,Fe-Pd and Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles because of the dissolution of Co and Fe into the Pd lattice. Compared to Co, Co-Fe Fe-Pd and Co-Pd nanoparticles, the lattice contraction of Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles exhibited as the wide peaks is remarkable, which leads to increasing lattice defects and subsequent enhanced catalytic activities. The onset potential of oxygen reduction and the slop of Tafel for the Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles are 1.03 V(vs RHE) and -87 mV/dec, respectively. The values obtained here are comparable to those of commercial Pt/C catalyst. The transferred electron-number of Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles is 3.80±0.04 during the oxygen reduction, which is dominated by a four-electron pathway. Furthermore, the peroxide percentage (H2O2) is about 10% from the results of RRDE.

Key words: nanoparticles, catalyst, radiation, electrochemistry, transferred electron-number

CLC Number: 

  • TM 911

Fig.1

Different magnification TEM images and electron diffraction pattern of selected area marked by red rectangle for Co5Fe2Pd1 nanoparticles synthesized in solution with [citric acid] = 0.05 mol/L and V(alcohol) =20 ml"

Fig.2

XRD patterns of synthesized Co5Fe1, Co5Pd1, Fe2Pd1 and Co5Fe2Pd1 nanoparticles (JCPD-05727,JCPD-894897)"

Fig.3

XPS full spectrum and high resolution spectra of Co 2p, Fe 2p and Pd 3d for Co5Fe2Pd1 nanoparticle"

Table 1

XPS analysis of Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles"

NanoparticleComponentAfter ultrasonicProduct compositon
Co5Fe25∶20.89∶1.12Co0.89Fe1.12
Co5Pd15∶10.75∶0.87Co0.75Pd0.87
Fe2Pd12∶11.09∶0.77Fe1.09Pd0.77
Co5Fe2Pd15∶2∶10.82∶1∶0.82Co0.82Fe1Pd0.82

Fig.4

Curves of LSV and Tafel slops for the Co-Fe-Pd nanoparticles (rotating speed=1600 r/min)"

Fig.5

Curves of RRDE, transferred electron-numbers and yields of H2O2 for nanoparticles"

Fig.6

LSV curves of Co5Fe2Pd1 nanoparticles before and after 1000 cycles in 0.1mol/L KOH solution"

Fig.7

XPS high resolution of Co, Co-Fe, Co-Pd, Fe-Pd andCo-Fe-Pd nanoparticles"

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