CIESC Journal ›› 2019, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (1): 56-64.doi: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20180487

• Fluid dynamics and transport phenomena • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evaluation research on boiling heat transfer model of CO2 in tube

Zhongyan LIU1(),Dahan SUN1,Xu JIN1(),Tianhao WANG1,Yitai MA2   

  1. 1. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Northeast Electric Power University, Jilin 132000, Jilin, China
    2. School of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
  • Received:2018-05-09 Revised:2018-09-08 Online:2019-01-05 Published:2018-09-20
  • Contact: Xu JIN;


Due to good environmental characteristics and excellent thermodynamic properties, CO2 is considered as an ideal alternative refrigerant. Compared with the traditional refrigerant, CO2 flow boiling heat transfer characteristics is very different. However, the existing heat transfer correlations are based on their respective test data fitting, because the data points are too less and the range of variable parameters is limited, the predicted results are very different. To establish the CO2 tube flow boiling heat transfer in a more comprehensive database, compare and analyze different heat transfer models, it is of great significance for deep understanding of the boiling heat transfer characteristics of CO2 in tube and study more accurate heat transfer correlation. There are six correlations analyzed by using 4040 experimental data points of CO2 flow boiling heat transfer from 24 references, the study found that for Fang (2013) correlation minimum error is 10.6%, and draw the variation of gas and liquid Reynolds number with pipe diameter, and the change of gas and liquid Reynolds number scatter plot and the plot of Nusselt number change with Bond number, it can provide insight into the CO2 tube flow boiling heat transfer characteristics and the future research a new type of heat transfer correlations for more accurate to provide the reference.

Key words: carbon dioxide, flow boiling, dry, heat transfer coefficient

CLC Number: 

  • TK 124

Table 1

Horizontal circular tube boiling heat transfer experimental data"

Ref.Diameter/mmTsat/℃Mass flux/(kg/(m2·s))

Heat flux/


Data number

Table 2

Error of experimental data evaluated by six prediction models"



Comparison between experimental value and predicted value of CO2 heat transfer coefficient"


Heat transfer coefficient changes with vapor quality: expermental data vs predicted value"


Distribution of Nu with Bd (all)"


Distribution of Nu with Bd (small channel)"


Distribution of liquid gas Reynolds number with channel size"


Distribution of liquid phase Reynolds number with channel size"


Gas Reynolds number distribution"


Liquid Reynolds number distribution"


Laminar/turbulent flow distribution"


Heat transfer coefficient distribution with vapor quality in conventional channel"


Heat transfer coefficient distribution with vapor quality in small channel"

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