CIESC Journal ›› 2018, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (9): 4121-4128.doi: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20180347

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Interfacial self-assembly synthesis and electrochemical capacitance of hierarchical porous polypyrrole films

HOU Zhenzhong, PENG Longgui, LI Ying, LU Hai, LU Ya, XIE Xiaoqin   

  1. College of Material Science and Engineering, Xi'an University of Science and Technology, Xi'an 710054, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2018-04-02 Revised:2018-06-20 Online:2018-09-05 Published:2018-07-03
  • Supported by:

    supported by the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province(2017GY-133), the Special Research Project of Shaanxi Provincial Department of Education(17JK0512) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51604221).

Abstract:

Hierarchical porous polypyrrole films have been successfully prepared by interfacial self-assembly polymerization with assistance of the long-chain surfactant OP10. The molecular structure, micromorphology and electrochemical performance of obtained polypyrrole were characterized. The results showed that introducing OP10 into interfacial polymerization had no effect on the molecular structure of obtained polypyrrole but a significant impact on its micromorphology. When the dosage of OP10 was optimized at 0.02 g, polypyrrole could self-assemble to form a hierarchical porous structure including nanopores (~100 nm), submicron pores (200-1000 nm) and micron pores (1-3.5 μm). Because of relatively larger active surface area and higher total pore volume, hierarchical porous polypyrrole, as the electrode material, possessed a maximum specific capacitance up to 357 F·g-1 which is 70% higher than that prepared by traditional interfacial synthesis at the same conditions. Furthermore, 87.6% of the initial specific capacitance was still retained even after 2000 charge-discharge cycles, indicating the excellent cycling stability of the prepared polypyrrole.

Key words: interfacial polymerization, polypyrrole, surfactants, microstructure, self-assembly, electrochemistry

CLC Number: 

  • TQ630.1

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