CIESC Journal ›› 2018, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (7): 3059-3067.doi: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20171620

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Characteristics of p-nitrophenol removal by SAT system with iron oxide coated sands

WEN Yujuan1, YANG Yuesuo1,2, SONG Xiaoming1, ZHANG Xi2, LI Huizhong3   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Regional Environment and Eco-restoration, Ministry of Education, Shenyang University, Shenyang 110044, Liaoning, China;
    2 Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, Jilin, China;
    3 Geological and Environmental Monitoring Station of Liaoning Province, Shenyang 110032, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2017-12-08 Revised:2018-01-18 Online:2018-07-05 Published:2018-01-29
  • Supported by:

    supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41703125, 41472237) and Liaoning Province Innovation Team Project(LT201502).


The more and more nitro aromatic compounds have been detected in the environment, and one of the most popular compounds was p-nitrophenol. To improve the removal effect of p-nitrophenol using soil aquifer system (SAT), the system was innovated with iron-oxide coated sand as the aquifer media. Characterization of the iron coated SAT shows that surface of the oxidized iron film was flocculent or lamellar without fixed shape. Ironoxide coated sand has pore structure and makes the specific surface increased 2 times to 4 times. Study of absorption kinetics indicated that the absorption kinetics were governed by the Freundlich model of chemical adsorption, and the absorption capacity was much enhanced. The diffusion model study demonstrated the pore diffusion was higher than sufficient diffusion. The results of the mini-column break through show that the adsorption is closely related to the residence time of the solute in the medium, so the flow rate should be appropriately controlled during the SAT operation.

Key words: SAT, pollution, regeneration, kinetics, diffusion model

CLC Number: 

  • X523

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