CIESC Journal ›› 2020, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (10): 4590-4600.doi: 10.11949/0438-1157.20200678

• Thermodynamics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Molecular thermodynamic model for compounding of multiple surfactants

Jin CHENG(),Zhangyang CHEN,Yuming ZHANG,Qi DUAN,Cheng LIAN(),Honglai LIU   

  1. School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
  • Received:2020-06-02 Revised:2020-07-25 Online:2020-10-05 Published:2020-08-10
  • Contact: Cheng LIAN E-mail:chengjin9843@qq.com;liancheng@ecust.edu.cn

Abstract:

Surfactants are widely used in the actual industrial production. Generally, it is a compound system of multiple surfactants to make use of the characteristics of different components, so that the compound system has better performance than a single surfactant. The compounding mechanism of multiple surfactants is still an interesting topic. In this paper, experimental and theoretical models are used to study the synergistic effect among the components of mixed surfactants. Firstly, based on Flory-Huggins theory, the molecular thermodynamic model of the multi-component surfactant system is derived. The interaction parameters of the two systems are correlated through the experimental data of the binary system. The critical micelle concentration (cmc) of the multi-component system and the phase composition of the mixed surfactant micelle can be predicted. The calculated results of the three-component surfactant system model are in good agreement with the experimental values.

Key words: surfactants, synergistic effect, molecular thermodynamics, critical micelle concentration(cmc), Flory-Huggins theory, phase equilibria, model

CLC Number: 

  • TQ 013.1

Fig.1

Maximum bubble pressure curve when the ratio of lauryl alcohol polyoxyethylene ether and Tween 80 is 6.5∶3.5"

Fig.2

Phase equilibrium hypothesis of mixed surfactant systems"

Fig.3

Comparison of the experimental and calculated results of cmc of three binary systems"

Table 1

Flory-Huggins parameters of two-component of three surfactants"

x30χ23平均值误差(上)误差(下)x20χ24平均值误差(上)误差(下)x30χ34平均值误差(上)误差(下)
0.2-0.2382-0.22450.02590.01410.2-0.3767-0.36950.05470.11160.2-0.0036-0.04660.0430.1135
0.35-0.23450.35-0.48110.35-0.0189
0.5-0.21220.5-0.35400.50.0092
0.65-0.19860.65-0.32070.65-0.0591
0.8-0.23860.8-0.31480.8-0.1601

Fig.4

Comparison of the experimental and calculated results of cmc in ternary surfactant solution system"

Fig.5

Calculation results of micelle phase composition ?im at four experimental ternary surfactant solution system"

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