CIESC Journal ›› 2020, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (10): 4532-4552.doi: 10.11949/0438-1157.20200454

• Reviews and monographs • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Bio-inspired fog harvesting materials: from fundamental research to promotional strategy

Wei ZHOU(),Li CHEN,Jingcheng DU,Luxi TAN(),Lichun DONG,Cailong ZHOU()   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, National-Municipal Joint Engineering Laboratory for Chemical Process Intensification and Reaction, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
  • Received:2020-04-29 Revised:2020-06-30 Online:2020-10-05 Published:2020-07-04
  • Contact: Luxi TAN,Cailong ZHOU E-mail:2216863212@qq.com;tanluxi@cqu.edu.cn;cezcl@cqu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Nowadays, the water crisis has seriously affected people??s daily life due to water pollution and the increasing shortage of fresh water. Capturing water from the morning fog can relieve water shortages in dry areas. Inspired by the spontaneous fog trapping of Namib desert beetles, cacti, spider silk, and other animals or plants, various bionic fog collection materials with special wetting properties have been constructed by researchers. This review summarizes the latest research progress of bio-inspired fog harvesting materials in detail, discusses the design and preparation method of constructing bionic water collection materials from the four major bio-inspired strategies of fog collection, and introduces the design schemes to improve the efficiency of fog harvesting. Furthermore, the problems existing in the current bionic water collection process are analyzed, and the development trend of the materials in the future is forecasted.

Key words: water crisis, special wettability, bioinspired material, fog harvesting, efficiency

CLC Number: 

  • TB 34
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