CIESC Journal ›› 2020, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (10): 4502-4519.doi: 10.11949/0438-1157.20191305

• Reviews and monographs • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Progress of superhydrophobic porous materials

Li CHEN(),Cailong ZHOU(),Jingcheng DU,Wei ZHOU,Luxi TAN,Lichun DONG   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, National-Municipal Joint Engineering Laboratory for Chemical Process Intensification and Reaction, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
  • Received:2019-11-01 Revised:2019-12-24 Online:2020-10-05 Published:2019-12-27
  • Contact: Cailong ZHOU E-mail:201718021067@cqu.edu.cn;cezcl@cqu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Porous materials such as metal organic framework materials (MOFs), covalent organic framework materials (COFs), organic porous polymers (POPs), etc., have been used widely used in the fields of separation, catalysis, gas storage and drug release due to their diversity, designability, controllability and functionalization of pores. Despite these promising applications, some of the porous materials suffer from moisture-sensitivity and instability in aqueous media due to their inherent structural features. To overcome this problem, endowing them with hydrophobicity is an effective strategy. However, designing superhydrophobic porous materials has certain challenges. In this work, the progress of MOFs, COFs and POPs with (super-)hydrophobic property is introduced. Issues related to their design strategy, structures, and practical applications such as catalysis, oil/water separation and gas storage and separation were analyzed. Additionally, the current problems and the future research directions of the hydrophobic porous materials were discussed.

Key words: superhydrophobicity, porous materials, catalysis, absorption, separation

CLC Number: 

  • TB 383
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