化工学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (9): 3385-3395.doi: 10.11949/0438-1157.20190231

• 流体力学与传递现象 • 上一篇    下一篇

π型向心径向流吸附器变质量流动特性研究

王浩宇1(),刘应书2,张传钊1,杨雄2,陈江伟2   

  1. 1. 北京联合大学生物化学工程学院,北京100023
    2. 北京科技大学能源与环境工程学院,北京100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-12 修回日期:2019-06-25 出版日期:2019-09-05 发布日期:2019-07-03
  • 通讯作者: 王浩宇 E-mail:jdthaoyu@buu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王浩宇(1981—),女,博士,讲师,jdthaoyu@buu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    北京市自然科学基金项目(8182019);北京市教育委员会科技计划一般项目(KM201711417014);国家自然科学基金项目(51578065)

Study on variable mass flow laws in π-shaped centripetal radial flow adsorber

Haoyu WANG1(),Yingshu LIU2,Chuanzhao ZHANG1,Xiong YANG2,Jiangwei CHEN2   

  1. 1. School of Biochemical Engineering, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100023, China
    2. School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-03-12 Revised:2019-06-25 Online:2019-09-05 Published:2019-07-03
  • Contact: Haoyu WANG E-mail:jdthaoyu@buu.edu.cn

摘要:

对径向流吸附器内变压吸附(PSA)制氧的变质量流动规律进行研究,有助于准确掌握吸附过程及床层内的变量因素对制氧性能的影响。对π型向心径向流吸附器建立气固耦合的两相吸附模型,并对其PSA制氧过程进行了数值模拟研究,得到了床层内氧气浓度分布、温度分布以及产品气浓度的变化规律。结果表明:首次循环结束时床层内氧气最高摩尔分数可达66.02%,回收率29.2%。非稳定循环期间,氧气摩尔分数从66.02%升高至 97.5%,回收率从29.2%提高至38.5%。循环达到稳定后,床层内氧气摩尔分数最高可达98.6%,回收率38.9%左右,且达到稳定状态后床层内气固两相温差减小,逐渐达到热平衡。获得了吸附器内部气体与吸附剂两相间的传质、传热过程,为π型向心径向流吸附器用于PSA制氧提供技术支持。

关键词: 径向流, 吸附, π型向心, 两相流, 数值模拟

Abstract:

Studying the variable mass flow law of pressure swing adsorption (PSA) in the radial flow adsorber can help to accurately grasp the influence of the adsorption process and the variable factors in the bed on the oxygen production performance. An air-solid two-phase pressure swing adsorption model is established for the π-shaped centripetal radial flow adsorber, axial oxygen purity profiles, temperature wave and oxygen concentration for product gas are comparatively studied by using this model. The results show that the oxygen purity of 66.02% and the recovery of the production of 29.2% can be obtained in the outlet after the first PSA cycle. The oxygen purity increases from 66.02% to 97.5% and the recovery of the production increases from 29.2% to 38.5% during the unsteady state. The product oxygen purity and recovery are achieved to be 98.6% and 38.9% at the end of each steps in steady state, and finally the temperature difference of air-solid two-phase gradually decreases and reaches thermal balance. The mass and heat transfer between the air and the adsorbent are obtained, which provides reference for π-shaped centripetal in the PSA for oxygen production.

Key words: radial flow, adsorption, π-shaped centripetal, two phase flow, numerical simulation

中图分类号: 

  • TG 142.71

图1

π型向心径向流吸附器的结构及物理模型"

表1

π型向心径向流吸附器的主要结构参数"

结构参数 数值 结构参数 数值
吸附器半径/mm 110 中心流道宽度/mm 12
吸附器长度/mm 210 吸附剂装填层厚度/mm 62
进气口半径/mm 12 外流道宽度/mm 30
进气口长度/mm 40 气流分布孔厚度/mm 3
出气口半径/mm 12 中心流道开孔半径/mm 2
出气口长度/mm 60 外流道开孔半径/mm 4
吸附剂装填高度/mm 20 吸附剂颗粒直径/mm 3
中心流道气流分布孔开孔率/% 17 外流道气流分布孔开孔率/% 27

表2

初始条件"

参数 数值

气体组分

压力/ Pa

21%O2,79%N2

101325

气相温度/ K 293
固相温度/ K 293
气相氧气质量分数 0.233
单位质量吸附剂氧气吸附量/( mol·kg-1) 0.0262832
单位质量吸附剂氮气吸附量/( mol·kg-1) 0.6328067

表3

模型具体参数"

参数 数值
床层孔隙率 0.4
颗粒密度 ρ p /(kg·m3) 1035
直径 d p /mm 1.6
比热容/ (J·kg-1·K-1) 1100

表4

循环顺序"

项目 升压 吸附 降压 反吹

循环过程

示意图

时间/s 7 5 3 5

表5

吸附器1边界条件设置"

入口 出口 床壁 轴线
质量入口q in(p) 对称轴
质量入口q in(p) 压力出口(大气压) 对称轴
压力出口(大气压) 对称轴
压力出口(大气压) 质量入口 对称轴

表6

吸附等温线参数"

吸附质 k 1/(mol·kg-1·Pa-1) k 2/K k 3/Pa-1 k 4/K ΔH/(kJ·mol-1)
O2 7.87×10-9 1541.211 6.79×10-10 1968.24 12
N2 9.86×10-9 2010.908 1.67×10-9 2250 18

图2

单组分N2和O2的吸附平衡曲线模拟结果与实验对比"

图3

首次循环结束时刻π型向心径向流吸附器1中各阶段结束时刻氧气摩尔分数云图变化分布"

图4

首次循环结束时刻π型吸附器1中各阶段结束时刻氧气摩尔分数在L位置沿径向变化规律"

图5

首次循环四步结束时刻π型吸附器1中各阶段结束时刻气固两相温度在L位置沿径向变化规律"

图6

吸附器1出口处的氧气摩尔分数随循环周期的变化"

图7

氧气回收率随循环次数的变化"

图8

循环稳定后四步结束时刻π型向心径向流吸附器1中各阶段结束时刻氧气摩尔分数云图"

图9

循环稳定状态四步结束时刻床1中各阶段结束时刻氧气摩尔分数沿径向变化"

图10

循环稳定四步结束时刻床1中各阶段结束时刻气固两相温度在腰线位置沿径向变化规律"

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